My question for theists, on morality – By Godless Teen
We’ve all been there before. We’ve all had the great pleasure (/sarcasm) of arguing with a theist who claims that atheists are nothing but moral relativists before, or that, without God, we would all have to be moral relativists. Well, I’m going to throw out a question to all of you theists out there who support this point of view, and let’s see your answers:
My question is this: Why should we (rationally) do any type of actions whatsoever?
Currently, I have two options for you:
- Because those actions are moral
- Because they provide some kind of greater benefit (or lower cost) relative to the other actions that we could have done instead.
Now, should you have any other answers, please post them in the comments, as I’d be very much interested in hearing them.
Now, for the first option, let me ask you this:
Ok, we’ve established that we should only do actions because they are moral, but why should that give us any rational reason to do them? For example, if Action A is considered moral, still, why should we do it? If there is no benefit (by the way, when I say “benefit”, I am not referring to benefit to the individual, I am asking about benefit to anybody/everybody. The way that this benefit is distributed is not relevant right now) to doing an action, nor any cost to not doing it (the same goes for “cost”), then why would we rationally want to do that action? If cutting our legs off was considered moral, would you still say that we should rationally do it? Why?
Now for the second option:
Ok, we’ve established that we should only do actions because of the cost or benefit of doing them (note that I did not state how that cost/benefit is distributed- for example, to yourself or to your family, or, in another scenario, to a group of strangers or to a group of friends. All that is relevant right now is that the only rational reason to do an action is for the cost of doing other actions or the benefit of doing that action.). Are there any other reasons, then, outside of this, why a rational person should engage in any actions?
That will be all for now, thanks.